German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
- Project partner:
Robert Bosch GmbH
Ulm University of Applied Sciences
Intelligente Maschinen GmbH (INMACH)
Conformal and multistatic MIMO radar configuration for all-round view for autonomous driving
Autonomous driving is a megatrend in the automotive industry having the advantage of improved safety and better traffic flow. Additionaly, new mobility services, reduced emissions and an optimized use of electric cars are possible. The success of this innovation needs a robust, cheap and high available system for sensing the environment in real time. Especially the protection of pedestrians and cyclists requires a significantly improved sensor system in comparison to current solutions. For example, a view of 360° around the vehicle is necessary under all weather conditions. Therefore, radar sensors are essential.
The supposed solution uses one sensor network consisting of different sensors instead of different sensor systems for every task. This leads to the new multistatic configuration with different MIMO sensors placed around the car. Consequently, each sensor needs a view angle larger than 180° and offers the possibility to combine information from different aspect angles (compared to binocular vision). All sensors work simultaneously and the transmit signals are received from all antennas, only depending on the field of view. Therefore, a centralized signal processing gives the possibility of an improved target classification in terms of localization, dimensions of the objects and rate of rotation.
The Institute of Radio Frequency Engineering (IHE) develops the antenna design together with the partners and cares about all radio frequency problems. The aim is the use of conformal antennas to reach the necessary view angle.
Mayer, J.; Martina, M.; Kowalewski, J.; Zwick, T. (2019). Investigation of Bent PCB Laminates for Conformal Antennas at 80 GHz. European Microwave Week 2019 "Universality Through Microwaves": Conference Proceedings, 29 September - 4 October 2019, Paris, France, 940–943, IEEE. doi:10.23919/EuMC.2019.8910755
Vasanelli, C.; Meinecke, B.; Mayer, J.; Elsayad, O.; Hugler, P.; Roos, F.; Zwick, T.; Waldschmidt, C. (2019). Characterization of mm-wave conformal antenna arrays for a 3 x 8 MIMO radar. Proceedings of the 2019 International Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications (ICEAA), 9-13 Sept. 2019, Granada Spain, 167–171, IEEE. doi:10.1109/ICEAA.2019.8878980
Mayer, J.; Martina, M.; Gottwald, T.; Zwick, T. (2019). PCB Laminates for Automotive Radar Antenna Modules under Different Environmental Conditions. IEEE transactions on antennas and propagation, 67 (9), 6051–6058. doi:10.1109/TAP.2019.2920286
Mayer, J.; Matter, L.; Nuss, B.; Kowalewski, J.; Zwick, T. (2019). Conformal Antennas for a Wide View Angle in Automotive Radar. 12th German Microwave Conference, GeMiC 2019; Stuttgart; Germany; 25 March 2019 through 27 March 2019, 119–122, IEEE, New York (NY). doi:10.23919/GEMIC.2019.8698188